Amphibians and Reptiles of Honduras

 

McCranie, James R.

 

10770 SW 164 Street / Miami, Florida, 33157-2933 / USA

 

(Originally Published in 2009, Last Actualization on November 12, 2009)

 

index

Eublepharidae

Gekkonidae

Gymnophthalmidae

Iguanidae

Leiocephalidae

Phrynosomatidae

Polychrotidae

Scincidae

Teiidae

Xantusiidae

SERPENTES

Anomalepididae

Boidae

Colubridae

Colubrinae

Natricinae

Xenodontinae

Elapidae

Leptotyphlopidae

Loxocemidae

Typhlopidae

Ungaliophiidae

Viperidae

TESTUDINES

Cheloniidae

Chelydridae

Dermochelyidae

Emydidae

Geoemydidae

Kinosternidae

BIBLIOGRAPHY

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IntroducTion

McCranie and Castañeda (2007a) and McCranie (2006a) recently reviewed the amphibians of Honduras. Subsequently, numerous nomenclatural changes have been proposed and a few species have been added to the Honduran fauna. The non-avian reptiles of Honduras have not been treated in detail, but such a work is being prepared (McCranie, in prep.). As such, the most recent listing of the reptilian species of the country is that of Wilson and McCranie (2002). The purpose of this list is to update and provide a list of the amphibians and reptiles of Honduras as currently understood.

 

The comments and cross-references included herein are only those pertaining to references published after McCranie and Castañeda (2007a), McCranie (2006a), and Wilson and McCranie (2002). The amphibians are listed in the same sequence by Order and within families as in McCranie and Castañeda (2007a). The reptiles are listed alphabetically by Order and then families within each Order. This listing does not include the taxonomic changes being proposed in McCranie (in prep.).

 

The numbers in parenthesis following each Order or Suborder are the number of families, genera, and species, respectively, known to occur in Honduras. The numbers in parenthesis following each Family and Subfamily are the number of genera and species, respectively, known to occur in Honduras. The number in parenthesis following each genus is the number of species known to occur in Honduras. An asterisk denotes an introduced and established species.

HERPETOFAUNA OF HONDURAS (2 classes, 6 orders, 42 families, 150 genera, 373 species)

 

CLASS AMPHIBIA Gray, 1825 (3 orders, 13 families, 42 genera, 129 species)

 

ORDER GYMNOPHIONA Müller, 1832 (1, 2, 2)

 

FAMILY CAECILIIDAE Rafinesque, 1814 (2, 2)

Dermophis Peters, 1879 (1)

Dermophis mexicanus (A. M. C. Duméril & Bibron, 1841)

Gymnopis Peters, 1874 (1)

Gymnopis multiplicata Peters, 1874

 

ORDER CAUDATA Fischer von Waldheim, 1813 (1, 5, 31)

 

FAMILY PLETHODONTIDAE Gray, 1850 (5, 31)

Bolitoglossa A. M. C. Duméril, Bibron, & Duméril, 1854 (16)

Subgenus Bolitoglossa A. M. C. Duméril, Bibron, & Duméril, 1854 (2)

Bolitoglossa mexicana A. M. C. Duméril, Bibron, & Duméril, 1854

Bolitoglossa striatula (Noble, 1918)

Subgenus Magnadigita Taylor, 1944 (12)

Bolitoglossa carri McCranie & Wilson, 1993

Bolitoglossa cataguana Townsend, Butler, Wilson, & Austin, 2009

Bolitoglossa celaque McCranie & Wilson, 1993

Bolitoglossa conanti McCranie & Wilson, 1993

Bolitoglossa decora McCranie & Wilson, 1997

Bolitoglossa diaphora McCranie & Wilson, 1995

Bolitoglossa dunni (K. Schmidt, 1933)

Bolitoglossa heiroreias Greenbaum, 2004

Bolitoglossa longissima McCranie & Cruz, 1996

Bolitoglossa oresbia McCranie, Espinal, & Wilson, 2005

Bolitoglossa porrasorum McCranie & Wilson, 1995

Bolitoglossa synoria McCranie & Köhler, 1999

Subgenus Nanotriton Parra-Olea, García-París, & Wake, 2004 (1)

McCranie and Castañeda (2007a) and McCranie (2006a) included Bolitoglossa (Nanotriton) occidentalis Taylor, 1941 in the Honduran herpetofauna based on one poorly preserved specimen that carried erroneous locality data. That specimen is now thought to represent a juvenile B. mexicana (T. Papenfuss, pers. comm.).

Bolitoglossa rufescens (Cope, 1869)

Subgenus Pachymandra Parra-Olea, García-París, & Wake, 2004 (1)

Bolitoglossa dofleini Werner, 1903

Cryptotriton García-París & Wake, 2000 (1)

Cryptotriton nasalis (Dunn, 1924)

Dendrotriton Wake & Elias, 1983 (1)

Dendrotriton sanctibarbarus (McCranie & Wilson, 1997)

Nototriton Wake & Elias, 1983 (4)

Nototriton barbouri (K. Schmidt, 1936)

Nototriton brodiei Campbell and Smith, 1998. Kolby et al. (2009) reported this species from Honduras.

Nototriton lignicola McCranie & Wilson, 1997

Nototriton limnospectator McCranie, Wilson, & Polisar, 1998

Oedipina Keferstein, 1868 (9)

McCranie et al. (2008) demonstrated that the O. cyclocauda of McCranie and Castañeda (2007a) and McCranie (2006a) actually consisted of three undescribed species.

Subgenus Oedipina Keferstein, 1868 (4)

Oedipina ignea Stuart, 1952

Oedipina leptopoda McCranie, Vieites, & Wake, 2008

Oedipina stuarti Brame, 1968

Oedipina taylori Stuart, 1952

Subgenus Oeditriton McCranie, Vieites, & Wake, 2008

Oedipina kasios McCranie, Vieites, & Wake, 2008

Oedipina quadra McCranie, Vieites, & Wake, 2008

Subgenus Oedopinola Hilton, 1946 (3)

Oedipina elongata (K. Schmidt, 1936)

Oedipina gephyra McCranie, Wilson, & Williams, 1993

Oedipina tomasi McCranie, 2006

 

ORDER ANURA Fischer von Waldheim, 1813 (11, 35, 96)

 

Family Bufonidae Gray, 1825 (4, 8)

Atelophryniscus McCranie, Wilson, & Williams, 1989 (1)

Atelophryniscus chrysophorus McCranie, Wilson, & Williams, 1989

Chaunus Wagler, 1828 (1)

I follow Savage and Bolaños (2009) in retaining the following species in Chaunus rather than in Rhinella Fitzinger, 1826 as recently proposed by some authors.

Chaunus marinus (Linnaeus, 1758)

Incilius Cope, 1863 (5)

The following five species were included in Ollotis Cope, 1875 by McCranie and Castañeda (2007a) and McCranie (2006a). Also, I do not recognize I. ibarrai (Stuart, 1954) or I. porteri (Mendelson, Williams, Sheil, & Mulcahy, 2005) as valid species occurring in Honduras for the reasons discussed by McCranie and Castañeda (2007a). Despite the recent review of the I. coccifer complex by Mendelson et al. (2005), a thorough review of this complex is needed that includes all known populations, especially those of the large specimens occurring in the lowlands of southern Honduras.

Incilius campbelli (Mendelson, 1994)

Incilius coccifer (Cope, 1866)

Incilius leucomyos (McCranie & Wilson, 2000)

Incilius luetkenii (Boulenger, 1891)

Incilius valliceps (Wiegmann, 1833)

Rhaebo Cope, 1862 (1)

Rhaebo haematiticus (Cope, 1862)

 

FAMILY CENTROLENIDAE Taylor, 1951 (5, 8)

The classification of this Family follows Guayasamin et al. (2009).

SUBFAMILY CENTROLENINAE Taylor, 1951 (4, 5)

Cochranella Taylor, 1951 (1)

Cochranella granulosa (Taylor, 1949)

Espadarana Guayasamin, Castroviejo–Fisher, Trueb, Ayarzagüena, Rada, & Vilà, 2009 (1)

The following species was included in Centrolene Jiménez de la Espada, 1872 by McCranie and Castañeda (2007a) and McCranie (2006a).

Espadarana prosoblepon (Boettger, 1892)

Sachatamia Guayasamin, Castroviejo–Fisher, Trueb, Ayarzagüena, Rada, & Vilà, 2009 (1)

The following species was included in Cochranella by McCranie and Castañeda (2007a) and McCranie (2006a).

Sachatamia albomaculata (Taylor, 1949)

Teratohyla Taylor, 1951 (2)

The following two species were included in Hyalinobatrachium and Cochranella, respectively, by McCranie and Castañeda (2007a) and McCranie (2006a).

Teratohyla pulverata (Peters, 1873)

Teratohyla spinosa (Taylor, 1949)

SUBFAMILY HYALINOBATRACHINAE Guayasamin, Castroviejo–Fisher, Trueb, Ayarzagüena, Rada, & Vilà, 2009 (1, 3)

Hyalinobatrachium Ruiz-Carranza & Lynch, 1991 (3)

The following two species were placed in the synonymy of H. chirripoi (Taylor, 1958) and H. colymbiphyllum (Taylor, 1949), respectively, by Cisneros-Heredia and McDiarmid (2007). However, the phylogeny based on nuclear genes recovered by Guayasamin et al. (2008, 2009) showed H. cardiacalyptum and H. chirripoi to be paraphyletic with respect to H. colymbiphyllum. Thus, I continue to recognize H. cardiacalyptum as a valid species. I also doubt the validity of placing H. crybetes in the synonymy of H. colymbiphyllum and continue to recognize the former as a distinct species pending rediscovery of the species and study of its molecular data and advertisement call.

Hyalinobatrachium cardiacalyptum McCranie & Wilson, 1997

Hyalinobatrachium crybetes McCranie & Wilson, 1997

Hyalinobatrachium fleischmanni (Boettger, 1893)

 

FAMILY HYLIDAE Rafinesque, 1815 (16, 34)

SUBFAMILY HYLINAE Rafinesque, 1815 (14, 30)

Anotheca H. Smith, 1939 (1)

Anotheca spinosa (Steindachner, 1864)

Bromeliohyla Faivovich, Haddad, Garcia, Frost, Campbell, & Wheeler, 2005 (1)

Bromeliohyla bromeliacia (K. Schmidt, 1933)

Dendropsophus Fitzinger, 1843 (2)

Dendropsophus ebraccatus (Cope, 1874)

Dendropsophus microcephalus (Cope, 1886)

Duellmanohyla Campbell & Smith, 1992 (2)

Duellmanohyla salvavida (McCranie & Wilson, 1986)

Duellmanohyla soralia (Wilson & McCranie, 1985)

Ecnomiohyla Faivovich, Haddad, Garcia, Frost, Campbell, & Wheeler, 2005 (2)

Ecnomiohyla miliaria (Cope, 1886)

Ecnomiohyla salvaje (Wilson, McCranie, & Williams, 1985)

Exerodonta Brocchi, 1879 (1)

Exerodonta catracha (Porras & Wilson, 1987)

Isthmohyla Faivovich, Haddad, Garcia, Frost, Campbell, & Wheeler, 2005 (2)

Isthmohyla insolita (McCranie, Wilson, & Williams, 1993)

Isthmohyla melacaena (McCranie & Castañeda, 2006)

Plectrohyla Brocchi, 1877 (7)

Plectrohyla chrysopleura Wilson, McCranie, & Cruz, 1994

Plectrohyla dasypus McCranie & Wilson, 1981

Plectrohyla exquisita McCranie & Wilson, 1998

Plectrohyla guatemalensis Brocchi, 1877

Plectrohyla hartwegi Duellman, 1968

Plectrohyla matudai Hartweg, 1941

Plectrohyla psiloderma McCranie & Wilson, 1999

Ptychohyla Taylor, 1944 (3)

Ptychohyla hypomykter McCranie & Wilson, 1993

Ptychohyla salvadorensis (Mertens, 1952)

Ptychohyla spinipollex (K. Schmidt, 1936)

Scinax Wagler, 1830 (2)

Scinax boulengeri (Cope, 1887)

Scinax staufferi (Cope, 1865)

Smilisca Cope, 1865 (3)

Smilisca baudinii (A. M. C. Duméril & Bibron, 1841)

Smilisca phaeota (Cope, 1862)

Smilisca sordida (Peters, 1863)

Tlalocohyla Faivovich, Haddad, Garcia, Frost, Campbell, & Wheeler, 2005 (2)

Tlalocohyla loquax (Gaige & Stuart, 1934)

Tlalocohyla picta (Günther, 1901)

Trachycephalus Tschudi, 1838 (1)

Trachycephalus venulosus (Laurenti, 1768)

Triprion Cope, 1866 (1)

Triprion petasatus (Cope, 1865)

SUBFAMILY PHYLLOMEDUSINAE Günther, 1858 (2, 4)

Agalychnis Cope, 1864 (3)

Agalychnis callidryas (Cope, 1862)

Agalychnis moreletii (A. H. A. Duméril, 1853)

Agalychnis saltator Taylor, 1955

Cruziohyla Faivovich, Haddad, Garcia, Frost, Campbell, & Wheeler, 2005 (1)

Cruziohyla calcarifer (Boulenger, 1902)

 

FAMILY CRAUGASTORIDAE Hedges, Duellman, & Heinicke, 2008 (1, 28)

This Family was included in the Brachycephalidae Günther, 1858 by McCranie and Castañeda (2007a) and McCranie (2006a).

Craugastor Cope, 1862 (28)

Subgenus Campbellius Hedges, Duellman, & Heinicke, 2008 (8)

Craugastor chrysozetetes (McCranie, Savage, & Wilson, 1989)

Craugastor cruzi (McCranie, Savage, & Wilson, 1989)

Craugastor epochthidius (McCranie & Wilson, 1997)

Craugastor fecundus (McCranie & Wilson, 1997)

Craugastor milesi (K. Schmidt, 1933)

Craugastor omoaensis (McCranie & Wilson, 1997)

Craugastor saltuarius (McCranie & Wilson, 1997)

Craugastor stadelmani (K. Schmidt, 1936)

Subgenus Craugastor Cope, 1862 (19)

Craugastor anciano (Savage, McCranie, and Wilson, 1988)

Craugastor aurilegulus (Savage, McCranie, and Wilson, 1988)

Craugastor chac (Savage, 1987)

Craugastor charadra (Campbell & Savage, 2000)

Craugastor coffeus (McCranie & Köhler, 1999)

Craugastor emleni (Dunn, 1932)

Craugastor fitzingeri (O. Schmidt, 1857)

Craugastor laevissimus (Werner, 1896)

Craugastor laticeps (A. H. A. Duméril, 1853)

Craugastor lauraster (Savage, McCranie, & Espinal, 1996)

Craugastor megacephalus (Cope, 1875)

Craugastor merendonensis (K. Schmidt, 1933)

Craugastor mimus (Taylor, 1955)

Craugastor noblei (Barbour & Dunn, 1921)

Craugastor olanchano (McCranie & Wilson, 1999)

Craugastor pechorum (McCranie & Wilson, 1999)

Craugastor rhodopis (Cope, 1867)

Craugastor rostralis (Werner, 1896)

Craugastor sp. This recently collected and apparently undescribed species from Intibucá will key out to C. emleni in the key in McCranie and Castañeda (2007a), but appears to be a bromeliad specialist, whereas C. emleni is a streamside inhabitant.

Subgenus Hylactophryne Lynch, 1968 (1)

Craugastor cyanochthebius McCranie & Smith, 2006

 

FAMILY ELEUTHERODACTYLIDAE Lutz, 1954 (2, 2)

This Family was included in the Brachycephalidae and genus Eleutherodactylus by McCranie and Castañeda (2007a) and McCranie (2006a).

Diasporus Hedges, Duellman, & Heinicke, 2008  (1)

Diasporus diastema (Cope, 1875)

Eleutherodactylus A. M. C. Duméril & Bibron, 1841 (1)

The following introduced and established species was recently reported from the country by McCranie et al. (2008).

*Eleutherodactylus planirostris (Cope, 1862)

 

FAMILY STRABOMANTIDAE Hedges, Duellman, & Heinicke, 2008 (1, 2)

This Family was included in the Brachycephalidae and genus Eleutherodactylus by McCranie and Castañeda (2007a) and McCranie (2006a).

Pristimantis Jiménez de la Espada, 1871 (2)

Pristimantis cerasinus (Cope, 1875)

Pristimantis ridens (Cope, 1866)

 

FAMILY LEIUPERIDAE Bonaparte, 1850 (1, 1)

This Family was included in the Leptodactylidae by McCranie and Castañeda (2007a) and McCranie (2006a).

Engystomops Jiménez de la Espada, 1872 (1)

Engystomops pustulosus (Cope, 1864)

 

FAMILY LEPTODACTYLIDAE Werner, 1896 (1, 4)

Leptodactylus Fitzinger, 1826 (4)

Leptodactylus fragilis (Brocchi, 1877)

Leptodactylus melanonotus (Hallowell, 1861)

Leptodactylus savagei Heyer, 2005

Leptodactylus silvanimbus McCranie, Wilson, & Porras, 1980

 

FAMILY MICROHYLIDAE Günther, 1858 (2, 3)

Gastrophryne Fitzinger, 1843 (1)

Gastrophryne elegans (Boulenger, 1882)

Hypopachus Keferstein, 1867 (2)

Hypopachus barberi K. Schmidt, 1939

Hypopachus variolosus (Cope, 1866)

 

FAMILY RANIDAE Rafinesque, 1814 (1, 5)

Lithobates Fitzinger, 1843 (5)

The next two species are members of the L. pipiens complex. That complex is in need of serious study in Honduras. Such a study using molecular and morphological data would likely indicate that at least three species are represented in the country, none of which are conspecific with L. brownorum or L. forreri.

Lithobates brownorum (Sanders, 1973)

Lithobates forreri (Boulenger, 1883)

Lithobates maculatus (Brocchi, 1877)

Lithobates vaillanti (Brocchi, 1877)

Lithobates warszewitschii (O. Schmidt, 1857)

 

FAMILY RHINOPHRYNIDAE Günther, 1859 (1, 1)

Rhinophrynus A. M. C. Duméril & Bibron, 1841 (1)

Rhinophrynus dorsalis A. M. C. Duméril & Bibron, 1841

 

CLASS REPTILIA Laurenti, 1768 (3 orders, 29 families, 108 genera, 244 species)

 

ORDER CROCODYLIA Gmelin, 1789 (2, 2, 2)

 

FAMILY ALLIGATORIDAE Cuvier, 1807 (1, 1)

Caiman Spix, 1825 (1)

Caiman crocodilus (Linnaeus, 1758)

 

FAMILY CROCODYLIDAE Cuvier, 1807 (1, 1)

Crocodylus Laurenti, 1768 (1)

Crocodylus acutus (Cuvier, 1807)

 

ORDER SQUAMATA Oppel, 1811 (21, 96, 227)

 

SUBORDER SAURIA Macartney, 1802 (12, 29, 93)

 

FAMILY ANGUIDAE Gray, 1825 (3, 6)

Abronia Gray, 1838 (2)

Abronia montecristoi Hidalgo, 1983

Abronia salvadorensis Hidalgo, 1983

Celestus Gray, 1839 (3)

Celestus bivittatus (Boulenger, 1895)

Celestus montanus K. Schmidt, 1933

Celestus scansorius McCranie & Wilson, 1996

Mesaspis Cope, 1877 (1)

Mesaspis moreletii (Bocourt, 1871)

 

FAMILY CORYTOPHANIDAE Fitzinger, 1843 (3, 7)

Basiliscus Laurenti, 1768 (2)

Basiliscus plumifrons Cope, 1875

Basiliscus vittatus Wiegmann, 1828

Corytophanes H. Boie, 1827 (3)

Corytophanes cristatus (Merrem, 1820)

Corytophanes hernandesii (Wiegmann, 1831)

Corytophanes percarinatus A. H. A. Duméril, 1856

Laemanctus Wiegmann, 1834 (2)

Laemanctus longipes Wiegmann, 1834

Laemanctus serratus Cope, 1864

 

FAMILY EUBLEPHARIDAE Boulenger, 1883 (1, 1)

Coleonyx Gray, 1845

Coleonyx mitratus Peters, 1863

 

FAMILY GEKKONIDAE Gray, 1825 (6, 14)

Aristelliger Cope, 1862 (2)

Aristelliger georgeensis (Bocourt, 1873)

Aristelliger praesignis (Hallowell, 1856)

Gonatodes Fitzinger, 1843 (1)

Gonatodes albogularis (A. M. C. Duméril & Bibron, 1836)

Hemidactylus Cuvier, 1820 (3)

The next species was listed as H. brooki1 Gray, 1845 by Wilson and McCranie (2002). However, the correct name for the Honduran populations is more likely to be H. angulatus based on the molecular studies of Greater Antillean populations by Weiss and Hedges (2007).

*Hemidactylus angulatus Hallowell, 1854

*Hemidactylus frenatus Schlegel, 1836

*Hemidactylus mabouia (Moreau de Jonnès, 1818)

Phyllodactylus Gray, 1828 (2)

Phyllodactylus palmeus Dixon, 1968

Phyllodactylus tuberculosus Wiegmann, 1834

Sphaerodactylus Wagler, 1830 (5)

Sphaerodactylus dunni K. Schmidt, 1936

Sphaerodactylus glaucus Cope, 1865

Sphaerodactylus millepunctatus Hallowell, 1861

Sphaerodactylus notatus Baird, 1858

Sphaerodactylus rosaurae Parker, 1940

Thecadactylus Cuvier, 1820 (1)

Thecadactylus rapicaudus (Houttuyn, 1782)

 

FAMILY GYMNOPHTHALMIDAE Mac Lean, 1974 (1, 1)

Gymnophthalmus Merrem, 1820 (1)

Gymnophthalmus speciosus (Hallowell, 1861)

 

FAMILY IGUANIDAE Oppel, 1811 (2, 7)

Ctenosaura Wiegmann, 1828 (6)

Ctenosaura bakeri Stejneger, 1901

Ctenosaura flavidorsalis Köhler & Klemmer, 1994

Ctenosaura melanosterna Buckley & Axtell, 1997

Ctenosaura oedirhina De Queiroz, 1987

Ctenosaura praeocularis Hasbún & Köhler, 2009

Ctenosaura similis (Gray, 1831)

Iguana Laurenti, 1768 (1)

Iguana iguana (Linnaeus, 1758)

 

FAMILY LEIOCEPHALIDAE Frost & Etheridge, 1989 (1, 1)

Leiocephalus Gray, 1827

*Leiocephalus carinatus Gray, 1827

 

FAMILY PHRYNOSOMATIDAE Fitzinger, 1843 (1, 4)

Sceloporus Wiegmann, 1828 (4)

The next named species is a complex that appears to represent at least three species in the country. Sceloporus schmidti is available for the population in western Copán and Cortés (E. Smith, pers. comm.), but no names are available for the others. Eric Smith and myself plan to study the Honduran populations in the near future.

Sceloporus malachiticus Cope, 1864

Sceloporus olloporus H. Smith, 1937. Listed as S. variabilis Wiegmann, 1834 by Wilson and McCranie (2002).

Sceloporus schmidti Jones, 1927. See comment preceding S. malachiticus.

Sceloporus squamosus Bocourt, 1874

 

FAMILY POLYCHROTIDAE Fitzinger, 1843 (3, 38)

Anolis Daudin, 1802 (1)

Anolis allisoni Barbour, 1928

Norops Wagler, 1830 (36)

Norops amplisquamosus McCranie, Wilson, & Williams, 1992

Norops bicaorum Köhler, 1996

Norops biporcatus (Wiegmann, 1834)

Norops capito (Peters, 1863)

Norops crassulus (Cope, 1864)

Norops cupreus (Hallowell, 1861)

Norops cusuco McCranie, Köhler, & Wilson, 2000

Norops dariense (Fitch & Seigel, 1984). Included in N. cupreus by Wilson and McCranie (2002).

Norops heteropholidotus (Mertens, 1952)

Norops johnmeyeri (Wilson & McCranie, 1982)

Norops kreutzi McCranie, Köhler, & Wilson, 2000

Norops laeviventris (Wiegmann, 1834)

Norops lemurinus (Cope, 1861)

Norops limifrons (Cope, 1862)

Norops loveridgei (K. Schmidt, 1936)

Norops morazani (Townsend & Wilson, 2009)

Norops muralla Köhler, McCranie, & Wilson, 1999

Norops ocelloscapularis Köhler, McCranie, & Wilson, 2001

Norops oxylophus (Cope, 1875). Listed as N. lionotus (Cope, 1861) by Wilson and McCranie (2002).

Norops pentaprion (Cope, 1862)

Norops petersii (Bocourt, 1873)

Norops pijolensis McCranie, Wilson, & Williams, 1993

Norops purpurgularis McCranie, Cruz, & Holm, 1993

Norops quaggulus Cope, 1885. Listed as N. humilis Peters, 1863 by Wilson and McCranie (2002).

Norops roatanensis Köhler & McCranie, 2001

Norops rodriguezii (Bocourt, 1873)

Norops rubribarbaris Köhler, McCranie, & Wilson, 1999

*Norops sagrei (A. M. C. Duméril & Bibron, 1837). The mainland and Bay Island populations are introduced by man, whereas those on the Islas del Cisne appear to be natural.

Norops sericeus Hallowell, 1857

Norops sminthus (Dunn & Emlen, 1932)

Norops tropidonotus (Peters, 1863)

Norops uniformis (Cope, 1885)

Norops utilensis Köhler, 1996

Norops wampuensis McCranie & Köhler, 2001

Norops yoroensis McCranie, Nicholson, & Köhler, 2002

Norops zeus Köhler & McCranie, 2001

Polychrus Cuvier, 1816 (1)

Polychrus gutturosus Berthold, 1845

 

FAMILY SCINCIDAE Gray, 1825 (4, 6)

Mabuya Fitzinger, 1826 (1)

Mabuya unimarginata Cope, 1862

Mesoscincus Griffith, Ngo, & Murphy, 2000 (1)

Mesoscincus managuae (Dunn, 1933). Listed as Eumeces Wiegmann, 1834 by Wilson and McCranie (2002).

Plestiodon A. M. C. Duméril & Bibron, 1839 (1)

Plestiodon sumichrasti (Cope, 1867). Listed as Eumeces Wiegmann, 1834 by Wilson and McCranie (2002).

Sphenomorphus Fitzinger, 1843 (3)

Sphenomorphus assatus (Cope, 1864)

Sphenomorphus cherriei (Cope, 1893)

Sphenomorphus incertus (Stuart, 1940)

 

FAMILY TEIIDAE Gray, 1827 (3, 6)

Ameiva Meyer, 1795 (3)

Ameiva ameiva (Linnaeus, 1758)

Ameiva festiva (Lichtenstein & von Martens, 1856)

Ameiva undulata (Wiegmann, 1834)

Aspidoscelis Fitzinger, 1843 (2)

Aspidoscelis deppii (Wiegmann, 1834)

Aspidoscelis motaguae (Sackett, 1941)

Cnemidophorus Wagler, 1830 (1)

Cnemidophorus lemniscatus (Linnaeus, 1758)

 

FAMILY XANTUSIIDAE Baird, 1859 (1, 2)

Lepidophyma A. H. A. Duméril, 1851 (2)

Lepidophyma flavimaculatum A. H. A. Duméril, 1851

Lepidophyma mayae Bezy, 1973. McCranie (2005) reported this species from Honduras.

 

SUBORDER SERPENTES Linnaeus, 1758 (9, 67, 134)

 

FAMILY ANOMALEPIDIDAE Taylor, 1939 (1, 1)

Anomalepis Jan, 1860 (1)

Anomalepis mexicanus Jan, 1860. McCranie (2004b) reported this species from Honduras.

 

FAMILY BOIDAE Gray, 1825 (2, 2)

Boa Linnaeus, 1758 (1)

Boa constrictor Linnaeus, 1758

Corallus Daudin, 1803 (1)

Corallus annulatus (Cope, 1875)

 

FAMILY COLUBRIDAE Oppel, 1811 (50, 106)

I am following the Subfamily arrangement (Colubrinae, Natricinae, and Xenodontinae) proposed by Lawson et al. (2005), although other workers would elevate those to Family level (see Zaher et al. 2009; their Dipsadidae corresponds to the Xenodontinae of Lawson et al.). Resolution of the paraphyletic Colubridae is in its early stages; therefore I take the conservative approach for the time being.

SUBFAMILY COLUBRINAE Oppel, 1811 (22, 41)

Chironius Fitzinger, 1826 (1)

Chironius grandisquamis (Peters, 1868)

Coluber Linnaeus, 1758 (1)

Coluber mentovarius (A. M. C. Duméril, Bibron, & Duméril, 1854). Included in Masticophis Baird & Girard, 1853 by Wilson and McCranie (2002).

Dendrophidion Fitzinger, 1843 (3)

Dendrophidion nuchale (Peters, 1863)

Dendrophidion percarinatum (Cope, 1893)

Dendrophidion vinitor H. Smith, 1941. Wilson et al. (2003) reported this species from the country.

Drymarchon Fitzinger, 1843 (1)

Drymarchon melanurus (A. M. C. Duméril, Bibron, & Duméril, 1854). Listed as D. corais F. Boie, 1827 by Wilson and McCranie (2002).

Drymobius Fitzinger, 1843 (3)

Drymobius chloroticus (Cope, 1886)

Drymobius margaritiferus (Schlegel, 1837)

Drymobius melanotropis (Cope, 1875)

Ficimia Gray, 1849 (1)

Ficimia publia Cope, 1866

Lampropeltis Fitzinger, 1843 (1)

Lampropeltis triangulum (Lacepède, 1789)

Leptodrymus Amaral, 1927 (1)

Leptodrymus pulcherrimus (Cope, 1874)

Leptophis Bell, 1825 (5)

Leptophis ahaetulla (Linnaeus, 1758)

Leptophis depressirostris (Cope, 1861). Köhler and Ferrari (2009) reported this species from the country.

Leptophis mexicanus (A. M. C. Duméril, Bibron, & Duméril, 1854)

Leptophis modestus (Günther, 1872)

Leptophis nebulosus Oliver, 1942

Mastigodryas Amaral, 1935 (2)

The following two species were included in Dryadophis Stuart, 1939 by Wilson and McCranie (2002).

Mastigodryas dorsalis (Bocourt, 1890)

Mastigodryas melanolomus (Cope, 1868)

Oxybelis Wagler, 1830 (4)

Oxybelis aeneus (Wagler, 1824)

Oxybelis brevirostris (Cope, 1861)

Oxybelis fulgidus (Daudin, 1803)

Oxybelis wilsoni Villa & McCranie, 1995

Pseudelaphe Mertens & Rosenberg, 1943 (1)

Pseudelaphe flavirufa (Cope, 1867). Included in Elaphe Fitzinger, 1843 by Wilson and McCranie (2002).

Pseustes Fitzinger, 1843 (1)

Pseustes poecilonotus (Günther, 1858)

Rhinobothryum Wagler, 1830 (1)

Rhinobothryum bovallii Andersson, 1916

Scaphiodontophis Taylor & Smith, 1943 (2)

Scaphiodontophis annulatus (A. M. C. Duméril, Bibron, & Duméril, 1854)

Scaphiodontophis venustissimus (Günther, 1894). Resurrected from synonymy of S. annulatus and reported from Honduras by McCranie (2006c).

Scolecophis Fitzinger, 1843 (1)

Scolecophis atrocinctus (Schlegel, 1837)

Senticolis Dowling & Fries, 1987 (1)

Senticolis triaspis (Cope, 1866)

Spilotes Wagler, 1830 (1)

Spilotes pullatus (Linnaeus, 1758)

Stenorrhina A. M. C. Duméril, 1853 (2)

Stenorrhina degenhardtii (Berthold, 1845)

Stenorrhina freminvillii A. M. C. Duméril, Bibron, & Duméril, 1854

Tantilla Baird & Girard, 1853 (6)

Tantilla armillata Cope, 1875. Listed as T. melanocephala (Linnaeus, 1758) by Wilson and McCranie (2002).

Tantilla impensa Campbell, 1998

Tantilla lempira Wilson & Mena, 1980

Tantilla schistosa (Bocourt, 1883)

Tantilla taeniata (Bocourt, 1883)

Tantilla tritaeniata H. Smith & Williams, 1966

Tantillita H. Smith, 1941 (1)

Tantillita lintoni (H. Smith, 1940)

Trimorphodon Cope, 1862 (1)

Trimorphodon quadruplex H. Smith, 1941. Listed as T. biscutatus (A. M. C. Duméril, Bibron, & Duméril, 1854) by Wilson and McCranie (2002).

SUBFAMILY NATRICINAE Bonaparte, 1838 (2, 4)

Storeria Baird & Girard, 1853 (1)

Storeria dekayi (Holbrook, 1839)

Thamnophis Fitzinger, 1843 (3)

Thamnophis fulvus (Bocourt, 1893)

Thamnophis marcianus (Baird & Girard, 1853)

Thamnophis proximus (Say, 1823)

SUBFAMILY XENODONTINAE Bonaparte, 1845 (26, 61)

Adelphicos Jan, 1862 (1)

Adelphicos quadrivirgatum Jan, 1862

Amastridium Cope, 1861 (1)

Amastridium sapperi (Werner, 1903). Listed as A. veliferum Cope, 1861 by Wilson and McCranie (2002).

Clelia Fitzinger, 1826 (1)

Clelia clelia (Daudin, 1803)

Coniophanes Hallowell, 1860 (4)

Coniophanes bipunctatus (Günther, 1858)

Coniophanes fissidens (Günther, 1858)

Coniophanes imperialis (Baird & Girard, 1859)

Coniophanes piceivittis Cope, 1870

Conophis Peters, 1860 (1)

Conophis lineatus (A. M. C. Duméril, Bibron, & Duméril, 1854)

Crisantophis Villa, 1971 (1)

Crisantophis nevermanni (Dunn, 1937)

Cubophis Hedges & Vidal, 2009 in Hedges et al. 2009 (1)

Cubophis cantherigerus (Bibron, 1840).  Included in Alsophis Fitzinger, 1843 by Wilson and McCranie (2002).

Dipsas Laurenti, 1768 (1)

Dipsas bicolor (Günther, 1895)

Enuliophis McCranie & Villa, 1993 (1)

Enuliophis sclateri Boulenger, 1894. McCranie et al. (2003) reported this species from the country.

Enulius Cope, 1871 (3)

Enulius bifoveatus McCranie & Köhler, 1999

Enulius flavidorsalis (Cope, 1869)

Enulius roatanensis McCranie & Köhler, 1999

Erythrolamprus F. Boie, 1827 (1)

Erythrolamprus mimus (Cope, 1869)

Geophis Wagler, 1830 (5)

Geophis damiani Wilson, McCranie, & Williams, 1998

Geophis fulvoguttatus Mertens, 1952

Geophis hoffmanni (Peters, 1859)

Geophis nephodrymus Townsend & Wilson, 2006

Geophis rhodogaster (Cope, 1868). McCranie & Castañeda (2007b) reported this species from the country.

Hydromorphus Peters, 1859 (1)

Hydromorphus concolor Peters, 1859

Imantodes A. M. C. Duméril, 1853 (3)

Imantodes cenchoa (Linnaeus, 1758)

Imantodes gemmistratus Cope, 1862

Imantodes inornatus Boulenger, 1896

Leptodeira Fitzinger, 1843 (3)

Leptodeira annulata (Linnaeus, 1758)

Leptodeira nigrofasciata Günther, 1868

Leptodeira septentrionalis (Kennicott, 1859)

Ninia Baird & Girard, 1853 (5)

Ninia diademata Baird & Girard, 1853

Ninia espinali McCranie & Wilson, 1995

Ninia maculata (Peters, 1861)

Ninia pavimentata (Bocourt, 1883). Townsend et al. (2005) reported this species from the country,

Ninia sebae (A. M. C. Duméril, Bibron, & Duméril, 1854)

Nothopsis Cope, 1871 (1)

Nothopsis rugosus Cope, 1871

Omoadiphas Köhler, Wilson, & McCranie, 2001 (2)

Omoadiphas aurula Köhler, Wilson, & McCranie, 2001

Omoadiphas texiguatensis McCranie & Castañeda, 2004

Oxyrhopus Wagler, 1830 (1)

Oxyrhopus petola (Linnaeus, 1758)

Pliocercus Cope, 1860 (2)

Pliocercus elapoides Cope, 1860

Pliocercus euryzonus Cope, 1862. Wilson et al. (2003) demonstrated the presence of this species in Honduras.

Rhadinaea Cope, 1863 (8)

Rhadinaea anachoreta E. Smith & Campbell, 1994. Townsend et al. (2006) reported this species from the country.

Rhadinaea decorata (Günther, 1858). McCranie (2004a) reported this species from the country.

Rhadinaea godmani (Günther, 1865)

Rhadinaea kinkelini Boettger, 1898

Rhadinaea lachrymans (Cope, 1870)

Rhadinaea montecristi Mertens, 1952

Rhadinaea pegosalyta McCranie, 2006d

Rhadinaea tolpanorum Holm & Cruz, 1994

Sibon Fitzinger, 1826 (8)

Sibon annulatus (Günther, 1872). McCranie et al. (2003) reported this species from the country.

Sibon anthracops (Cope, 1868)

Sibon carri (Shreve, 1951)

Sibon dimidiatus (Günther, 1872)

Sibon longifrenis (Stejneger, 1909)

Sibon manzanaresi McCranie, 2007

Sibon miskitus McCranie, 2006b

Sibon nebulatus (Linnaeus, 1758)

Tretanorhinus A. M. C. Duméril, Bibron, & Duméril, 1854 (1)

Tretanorhinus nigroluteus Cope, 1862

Tropidodipsas Günther, 1858 (2)

Tropidodipsas fischeri Boulenger, 1894

Tropidodipsas sartorii Cope, 1863

Urotheca Bibron, 1843 (2)

Urotheca decipiens (Günther, 1893). McCranie et al. (2003) reported this species from the country.

Urotheca guentheri (Dunn, 1938)

Xenodon H. Boie, 1826 (1)

Xenodon rabdocephalus (Wied-Neuwied, 1824)

 

FAMILY ELAPIDAE F. Boie, 1827 (2, 6)

Micrurus Wagler, 1824 (5)

Micrurus alleni K. Schmidt, 1936

Micrurus browni K. Schmidt & Smith, 1943

Micrurus diastema (A. M. C. Duméril, Bibron, & Duméril, 1854)

Micrurus nigrocinctus (Girard, 1854)

Micrurus ruatanus (Günther, 1895)

Pelamis Daudin, 1803 (1)

Pelamis platura (Linnaeus, 1766)

 

FAMILY LEPTOTYPHLOPIDAE Stejneger, 1891 (1, 2)

Epictia Gray, 1845 (2)

The following two species were listed as Leptotyphlops goudotii A. M. C. Duméril & Bibron, 1844 in Wilson and McCranie (2002).

Epictia ater (Taylor, 1940). My reasons for using this name for the Honduran mainland populations will be discussed in my volume on the snakes of Honduras (in prep.).

Epictia magnamaculata (Taylor, 1940). Adalsteinsson et al. (2009), based on mtDNA sequence data, resurrected this species from the synonymy of E. goudotii. I had earlier reached the same conclusion for the Caribbean Island populations of the E. goudotii complex based on morphological and color pattern differences. A discussion of these differences will be provided in my volume on the snakes of Honduras (in prep.).

 

FAMILY LOXOCEMIDAE Cope, 1861 (1, 1)

Loxocemus Cope, 1861

Loxocemus bicolor Cope, 1861

 

FAMILY TYPHLOPIDAE Fitzinger, 1826 (2, 4)

Ramphotyphlops Fitzinger, 1843 (1)

Ramphotyphlops braminus (Daudin, 1803). Vesely and Köhler (2009) reported this species from the country.

Typhlops Oppel, 1811 (3)

Typhlops costaricensis Jiménez & Savage, 1962

Typhlops stadelmani K. Schmidt, 1936

Typhlops tycherus Townsend, Wilson, Ketzler & Luque-Montes, 2008

 

FAMILY UNGALIOPHIIDAE McDowell, 1987 (1, 1)

Ungaliophis Müller, 1880 (1)

Ungaliophis continentalis Müller, 1880

 

FAMILY VIPERIDAE Oppel, 1811 (7, 11)

Agkistrodon Palisot de Beauvois, 1799 (1)

Agkistrodon bilineatus (Günther, 1863)

Atropoides Werman, 1992 (2)

Atropoides indomitus E. Smith & Ferrari-Castro, 2008

Atropoides mexicanus (A. M. C. Duméril, Bibron, & Duméril, 1854). Listed as A. nummifer Rüppell, 1845 by Wilson & McCranie (2002).

Bothriechis Peters, 1859 (3)

Bothriechis marchi (Barbour & Loveridge, 1929)

Bothriechis schlegelii  (Berthold, 1845)

Bothriechis thalassinus Campbell & Smith, 2001. Listed as B. bicolor Bocourt, 1868 by Wilson and McCranie (2002).

Bothrops Wagler, 1824 (1)

Bothrops asper (Garman, 1884)

Cerrophidion Campbell & Lamar, 1992 (1)

Cerrophidion godmani (Günther, 1863)

Crotalus Linnaeus, 1758 (1)

Crotalus simus Latreille, 1801. Listed as C. durissus Linnaeus, 1758 by Wilson and McCranie (2002).

Porthidium Cope, 1871 (2)

Porthidium nasutum (Bocourt, 1868)

Porthidium ophryomegas (Bocourt, 1868)

 

ORDER TESTUDINES Batsch, 1788 (6, 10, 15)

 

FAMILY CHELONIIDAE Oppel, 1811 (4, 4)

Caretta Rafinesque, 1814 (1)

Caretta caretta (Linnaeus, 1758)

Chelonia Brongniart, 1800 (1)

Chelonia mydas (Linnaeus, 1758)

Eretmochelys Fitzinger, 1843 (1)

Eretmochelys imbricata (Linnaeus, 1766)

Lepidochelys Fitzinger, 1843 (1)

Lepidochelys olivacea (Eschscholtz, 1829)

 

FAMILY CHELYDRIDAE Gray, 1831 (1, 2)

Chelydra Schweigger, 1812 (2)

The following two species were listed as C. serpentina (Linnaeus, 1758) in Wilson and McCranie (2002).

Chelydra acutirostris Peters, 1862

Chelydra rossignonii (Bocourt, 1868)

 

FAMILY DERMOCHELYIDAE Fitzinger, 1843 (1, 1)

Dermochelys Blainville, 1816 (1)

Dermochelys coriacea (Vandelli, 1761)

 

FAMILY EMYDIDAE Rafinesque, 1815 (1, 1)

Trachemys Agassiz, 1857 (1)

Trachemys venusta (Gray, 1855). Listed as T. scripta (Schoepff, 1792) by Wilson and McCranie (2002).

 

FAMILY GEOEMYDIDAE Theobald, 1868 (1, 4)

Rhinoclemmys Fitzinger, 1835 (4)

Rhinoclemmys annulata (Gray, 1860)

Rhinoclemmys areolata (A. M. C. Duméril & Bibron, 1851)

Rhinoclemmys funerea  (Cope, 1875)

Rhinoclemmys pulcherrima (Gray, 1855)

 

FAMILY KINOSTERNIDAE Agassiz, 1857 (2, 3)

Kinosternon Spix, 1824 (2)

Kinosternon leucostomum (A. M. C. Duméril & Bibron, 1851)

Kinosternon scorpioides (Linnaeus, 1766)

Staurotypus Wagler, 1830 (1)

Staurotypus triporcatus (Wiegmann, 1828)

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How to cite?

McCranie, J. R. 2009. Amphibians and Reptiles of Honduras. Listas Zoológicas Actualizadas UCR: http://museo.biologia.ucr.ac.cr/Listas/LZAPublicaciones.htm. Museo de Zoología UCR. San Pedro, Costa Rica. Last Actualization on November 12, 2009. PDF.