Jay M. Savage

 

Department of Biology

San Diego State University

 c/o

Rana Dorada Enterprises, S.A.
3401 Adams Avenue, Suite A
San Diego, CA   92116-2490
U.S.A.

 

 

Jay M. Savage is Emeritus Professor of Biology, the University of Miami in Coral Gables, Florida. He is Adjunct Research Professor in Biology at San Diego State University, California. He completed his undergraduate and graduate studies at Stanford University and was for many years on the faculty at the University of Southern California before moving to the University of Miami.  His research is on the evolutionary and historic determinants of the systematics and distribution of vertebrates (especially amphibians and reptiles), their ecologic role in tropical forests, and biogeographic theory.  In 1963, Jay was instrumental in founding the Organization for Tropical Studies (OTS) and served as OTS’ president from 1974-1980.  Over his career he has been the major professor for 39 PhD students and a number of Master Degree recipients. He was a member of the International Commission on Zoological Nomenclature (1982-2000). Jay also has served as President of the Southern California Academy of Sciences, the American Society of Ichthyologists and Herpetologists and the Society of Systematic Biologists.  He chaired the National Academy of Sciences Committee that prepared the book: Ecological Aspects of Development in the Humid Tropics (1982).  His publications include over 200 papers and three books. In 1998 Jay was inducted, as an honorary member, into the Academia Nacional de Ciencias de Costa Rica, in recognition of his contributions to the scientific development of Costa Rica and his role in establishing OTS.  He received the Henry S. Fitch Award for Excellence in Herpetology from the American Society of Ichthyologists and Herpetologists in 2000. He was awarded the Archie F. Carr, Jr. Medal for outstanding contributions to knowledge and an understanding of our natural heritage from the Florida Museum of Natural History and the University of Florida in 2001. In 2005 he received the Outstanding Service Award of the American Institute of Biological Sciences and in 2009 the Robert K. Johnson Distinguished Service Award of the American Society of Ichthyologists and Herpetologists. His latest major scholarly contribution, The Amphibians and Reptiles of Costa Rica: a Herpetofauna Between Two Continents, Between Two Seas, was published in August 2002.

 

Described Taxa:

Typhlops hypogia Savage, 1950

Typhlops hedraea Savage, 1950

Xantusia vigilis wigginsi Savage, 1952

Crotalus cerastes cercobombus Savage & Cliff, 1953

Phyllorhynchus arenicola Savage & Cliff, 1954

Atractus gaigeae Savage, 1955

Atractus dunni Savage, 1955

Atractus ecuadorensis Savage, 1955

Atractus occidentalis Savage, 1955

Atractus orcesi Savage, 1955

Klauberina Savage, 1957

Eleutherodactylus moro Savage, 1965

Odontophrynus carvalhoi Savage & Cei, 1965

Centrolenella ilex Savage, 1966

Bufo periglenes Savage, “1966", 1967

Centrolenella euknemos Savage & Starrett, 1967

Hyla lythrodes Savage, 1968

Bufo peripatetes Savage, 1972

Centrolenella vireovitatta Starrett & Savage, 1973

Eleutherodactylus andi Savage, 1974

Eleutherodactylus angelicus Savage, 1975

Eleutherodactylus azueroensis Savage, 1975

Eleutherodactylus escoces Savage, 1975

Eleutherodactylus rayo Savage & DeWeese, 1979

Eleutherodactylus cuaquero Savage, 1980

Geophis downsi Savage, 1981

Eleutherodactylus daryi Ford & Savage, 1984

Eleutherodactylus uno Savage, 1984

Eleutherodactylus chac Savage, 1987

Eleutherodactylus aurilegulus Savage, McCranie & Wilson, 1988

Eleutherodactylus anciano Savage, McCranie & Wilson, 1988

Eleutherodactylus chrysozetes McCranie, Savage & Wilson, 1989

Eleutherodactylus cruzi McCranie, Savage & Wilson, 1989

Urotheca myersi Savage & Lahanas, 1989

Oscaecilia osae Lahanas & Savage, 1992

Geophis talamancae Lips & Savage, 1994

Celestus orobius Savage & Lips, 1994

Celestus hylaius Savage & Lips, 1994

Eleutherodactylus psephosypharus Campbell, Savage & Meyer, 1994

Eleutherodactylus pozo Johnson & Savage, 1995

Eleutherodactylus lauraster Savage, McCranie & Espinal, 1996

Eleutherodactylus phasma Lips & Savage, 1996

Eleutherodactylus tigrillo Savage, 1997

Norops pandoensis Savage & Guyer, “1998", 1999

Eleutherodactylus operosus Savage, McCranie & Wilson, 1999

Eleutherodactylus rupinius Campbell & Savage, 2000

Eleutherodactylus pelorus Campbell & Savage, 2000

Eleutherodactylus palenque Campbell & Savage, 2000

Eleutherodactylus rivulus Campbell & Savage, 2000

Eleutherodactylus amniscola Campbell & Savage, 2000

Eleutherodactylus inachus Campbell & Savage, 2000

Eleutherodactylus sabrinus Campbell & Savage, 2000

Eleutherodactylus charadra Campbell & Savage, 2000

Eleutherodactylus rhyachobatrachus Campbell & Savage, 2000

Eleutherodactylus catalinae Campbell & Savage, 2000

Eleutherodactylus myllomyllon Savage, “1999". 2000

Bolitoglossa anthracina Brame, Wake, Savage & Hanken, 2001

Eleutherodactylus tabasarae Savage, Hollingsworth, Lips, & Jaslow, 2004

Bolitoglossa magnifica Hanken, Wake, & Savage, 2005

Bolitoglossa obscura Hanken, Wake, & Savage, 2005

Bolitogloss sombra Hanken, Wake, & Savage, 2005

Bolitoglossa bramei Wake, Savage, & Hanken, 2007

Bolitoglossa gomezi Wake, Savage, & Hanken, 2007

Pristimantis dendrobatoides Means & Savage, 2007

Pristimantis jester Means & Savage, 2007

Pristimantis saltissimus Means & Savage, 2007

Geophis tectus Savage & Watling, 2008

Celestus adcercus Savage, Lips, & Ibáñez, 2008

Ecnomiohyla rabborum Mendelson, Savage, Griffith, Ross, Kubicki, & Gagliardo, 2008

Atelopus chirripoensis Savage & Bolanos, 2009

 

Patronyms (Dedicated Taxa):

Chilomeniscus savagei Cliff, 1954 (snake)

Palaeoxantusia fera Hetch, 1956 (fossil lizard)

Bolitoglossa savagei Brame & Wake, 1963 (salamander)

Diplodactylus savagei Kluge, 1963 (lizard)

Hyphessobrycon savagei Bussing, 1967 (fish)

Sphaerodactylus savagei Shreve, 1968 (lizard)

Barycholos Heyer, 1969 (genus of frogs)

Eleutherodactylus jota Lynch, 1980 (frog)

Barycholos savagei Lynch, 1980 (frog)

Gigantactis savagei Bertelsen, Pietsch & Lavenberg, 1981 (fish)

Hyla salvaje Wilson, McCranie & Williams, 1985 (frog)

Rhamphocetichthys savagei Paxton, 1989 (fish)

Centrolenella savagei Harding, 1991 (frog)

Cochranella savagei Ruiz-Carranza & Lynch, 1991 (frog)

Eleutherodactylus adamastus Campbell, 1994 (frog)

Oedipina savagei García-París & Wake, 2000 (salamander)

Rhabdias savagei Bursey & Goldberg, 2005 (nematode)

Leptodactylus savagei Heyer, 2005 (frog)

Pristimantis educatoris Ryan, Lips & Giermakowski, 2010 (frog)

 

Publications:

Doctoral Thesis

Savage J. M. 1955. The lizard family Xantusiidae: an evolutionary study. Ph.D. Dissertation (unpublished), Stanford University.

 

Books

Evolution

Savage, J. M. 1963. Evolution. Modern Biology Series. Holt, Rinehart and Winston. New York, N. Y. vii+ 126 pp.

Savage, J. M. 1964. Evolución. Compañía Editorial Continental. Mexico. 171 pp. Spanish Traslation.

Savage, J. M. 1965. L’evoluzione. N. Zanichelli, Bologna. 153 pp. French Translation.

Savage, J. M. 1966. Evolution. Bayer. Landwirt, Munchen. 139 pp. German Translation.

Savage, J. M. 1970. Evolucija. Skolska Knjiga, Zagreb. 107 pp. Croatian Translation.

Second Edition

Savage, J. M. 1969. Evolution. 2nd ed. Modern Biology Series. Holt, Rinehart and Winston. New York, N. Y. vii+152 pp.

Savage, J. M. 1970. Evolution, 2nd ed. Amerind, New Delhi. vii+ 152 pp. Reprint.

Savage, J. M. 1971. Evolution, 2nd ed. Modern Biology Series. Holt, Rinehart and Winton, London, vii+152 pp. Reprint.

Savage, J. M. 1975. Evolución. 2nd ed. Compañía Editorial Continental, S. A. Mexico. 175 pp. Spanish Traslation.

Third Edition

Savage, J. M. 1977. Evolution. 3rd ed. Modern Biology Series. Holt, Reinhart and Winston. New York, N. Y. vii+ 184 pp.

Savage, J. M. 1981. Evolución. 3rd ed. Compañía Editorial Continental, S. A. Mexico. 198 pp. Spanish Traslation.

 

A Preliminary Handlist of the Herpetofauna of Costa Rica.

Savage, J. M. 1973. A Preliminary Handlist of the Herpetofauna of Costa Rica. University of Southern California. Los Angeles, California. 17 pp.

Savage, J. M. 1976. A Preliminary Handlist of the Herpetofauna of Costa Rica. 2nd ed. Universidad de Costa Rica, Costa Rica. 20 pp.

Savage, J. M. 1980. A Preliminary Handlist of the Herpetofauna of Costa Rica. 3rd ed. Allan Hancock Foundation. 21 pp.

 

Savage, J. M. 1980. A Handlist with Preliminary Keys to the Herpetofauna of Costa Rica. Allan Hancock Foundation. 111 pp.

 

Savage, J. M. 1982. Ecological Aspects of Development in the Humid Tropics (Summary statement). National Academy Press: i-52. (National Research Council Committee Report).

 

Savage, J. M. 1982. Ecological Aspects of Development in the Humid Tropics. National Academy Press: i- 297. (National Research Council Committee Report).

 

Savage, J. M. & J. Villa. 1986. Introduction to the Herpetofauna of Costa Rica / Introducción a la Herpetofauna de Costa Rica. Contribution to Herpetology. Society for the Study Amphibians and Reptiles 3:1-207.

 

Savage, J. M. 2002. The Amphibians and Reptiles of Costa Rica: A Herpetofauna Between Two Continents, Between Two Seas. University of Chicago Press.

 

Book Chapters

Savage, J. M. 1959. Drosophila. Encyclopedia Americana No. 9:630.

Savage, J. M. 1959. Egg. Encyclopedia Americana No. 9:724-729.

Savage, J. M. 1960. Amniota. McGraw-Hill Encyclopedia of Science and Technology No. 1:328-329.

Savage, J. M. 1960. Chelonia. McGraw-Hill Encyclopedia of Science and Technology No. 3:2224.

Savage, J. M. 1960. Crocodilia. McGraw-Hill Encyclopedia of Science and Technology No. 3:551-553.

Savage, J. M. 1960. Reptilia. McGraw-Hill Encyclopedia of Science and Technology No. 11:482-483.

Savage, J. M. 1960. Rhynchocephalia. McGraw-Hill Encyclopedia of Science and Technology No. 13:557.

Savage, J. M. 1960. Squamata. McGraw-Hill Encyclopedia of Science and Technology No. 13:21-27.

Savage, J. M. 1961. Preliminary remarks on the herpetological results of the Sefton Foundation - Stanford University Expedition to the Gulf of California. Sefton Found. - Stanford Univ. Exped. G. Calif. 1952:91-94.

Savage, J. M. 1963. Development of the herpetofauna. Proc. 16th Int. Zool. Congress 4:12-14.

Savage, J. M. 1967. Evolution of the insular herpetofaunas. Proc. Symp. on Biol. of Calif. Islands, Santa Barbara Bot. Garden.

Savage, J. M. 1973. The geographic distribution of frogs: patterns and predictions. Pp. 349-445. The Evolutionary Biology of the Anura. University of Missouri Press.

Savage, J. M. 1978. Marcos Jiménez de la Espada, naturalist explorer of the Andes and upper Amazon basin. Introduction to reprint edition of Vertebrados del viaje al Pacífico. Batracios (1875), by M. J. Jiménez de la Espada. Soc. Stud. Amph. Rept. 1978:vii--xvi.

Savage, J. M. 1982. Zoogeography. McGraw-Hill Encyclopedia of Science and Technology. 5th ed. 14:818-821.

Gómez, L. D. & J. M. Savage. 1983. Searchers on that rich coast: Costa Rican field biology, 1400-1980. Pp. 1-22. In: D. H. Janzen (ed.). Costa Rican Natural History. University of Chicago Press.

Scott, N. J., J. M. Savage & D. C. Robinson. 1983. Checklist of reptiles and amphibians. Pp. 367-374. In: D. H. Janzen (ed.). Costa Rican Natural History. University of Chicago Press.

Savage, J. M. 1988. Introduction. Peces de las Aguas Continentales de Costa Rica, by William A. Bussing. San Jose: Ed. Univ. Costa Rica:1-286.

Savage, J. M. 1988. Introduction. Ecological Development in the Humid Tropics. Pp.3-11. In: A. E. Lugo, J. F. Clark and R. D. Child (eds.). Ecological Development in the humid tropics: guidelines for planners. Winrock International Inst. Agri. Dev.

Savage, J. M. 1990. Zoogeography. 19:636-641. McGraw-Hill Encyclopedia of Science and Technology. 7th ed.

Savage, J. M. 1992. Classifying amphibians and reptiles. Pp. 19-23. In: H. G. Cogger & R. G. Zweifel (eds.). Reptiles and Amphibians. Smithmark. New York.

Gómez, L. D. & J. M. Savage. 1991. Investigadores de aquella rica costa: biología de campo costarricense 1400-1800. In: D. H. Janzen (ed.). Historia Natural de Costa Rica. Editorial Universidad de Costa Rica. San José. Costa Rica.

Scott, N. J., J. M. Savage & D. C. Robinson. 1991. Lista reptiles y anfibios. Pp. 372-379. In: D. H. Janzen (ed.). Historia Natural de Costa Rica. Editorial Universidad de Costa Rica. San José. Costa Rica

Savage, J. M. 2000. The discovery of the golden toad. Pp. 171-172. In: N. M. Nadkarni & N. T. Wheelwright (eds.). Monteverde: Ecology and Conservation of a Tropical Cloud Forest. New York: Oxford Univ. Press.

Savage, J. M. 2002. Foreward. The Amphibians of Honduras by J. R. McCranie and L. D. Wilson. Society for the Study of Amphibians and Reptiles Ithaca: i-ii.

Kappelle, M. & J. M. Savage. 2005. Anfibios y reptiles de los páramos y sus alrededores en Costa Rica. Pp. 513-520. In: M. Kappelle and S. P. Horn, eds. Páramos de Costa Rica. Editorial INBio. Costa Rica.

McDiarmid, R. W. & J. M. Savage. 2005. The herpetofauna of the Rincon area, Peninsula de Osa, Costa Rica, a Central American lowland evergreen forest site. Pp. 366-427. In: M. A. Donnelly, B. I. Crother, C. Guyer, M. H. Wake and M. E. White, eds. Ecology & evolution in the tropics: a herpetological perspective. University of Chicago Press, Chicago.

Savage, J. M. 2006. Key to the herpetofauna of San Diego County. Pp. 43-55. In: J. M. Lemm (ed.). Field guide to amphibians and reptiles of the San Diego region. University of California Press.

 

Scientific Journal Papers

Savage, J. M. 1948. An illustrated key to the lizards, snakes and turtles of California. Naturegraph Pocket Keys 1:1-16.

Savage, J. M. 1948. The pine snake in Kentucky. Copeia 1948(4):302.

Savage, J. M. 1949. An illustrated key to the lizards, snakes and turtles of the western United States and Canada. Naturegraph Pocket Keys 2:1-32.

Savage, J. M. 1949. Notes on a Central American Snake, Conophis lineatus dunni Smith, with a record from Honduras. Transactions of the Kansas Academy Sciences 2(4):483-486.

Savage, J. M. 1949. Poisonous snakes of the U. S. Explor. Nat. Naturegraph: 13-16.

Savage, J. M. 1950. Two new blind snakes (genus Typhlops) from the Philippine Islands. Proceedings of the California Zoological Club 1(10):49-54.

Savage, J. M. 1951. Studies on the lizard family Xantusiidae II. Geographical variation in Xantusia riversiana from the Channel Islands of California. Journal of the Washington Academy of Sciences 41(2):357-360.

Savage, J. M. 1951. Two centuries of confusion: The history of the snake name Ahaetulla. Bulletin of the Chicago Academy of Sciences 9(11):203-216.

Savage, J. M. 1952. The correct generic names for the iguanid lizards of Madagascar and the Fiji Islands. Copeia 1952(3):182.

Savage, J. M. 1952. The distribution of the Pacific giant salamander Dicamptodon ensatus east of the Cascade Mountains. Copeia 1952(3):183.

Savage, J. M. 1952. Studies on the lizard family Xantusiidae I. The systematic status of the Baja California night lizards allied to Xantusia vigilis with the description of a new subspecies. American Midland Naturalist 48(2):467-479.

Savage, J. M. & F. S. Cliff. 1953. A new subspecies of sidewinder Crotalus cerastes from Arizona. Chicago Academy of Sciences, Natural History Miscellanea 119:1-7.

Savage, J. M. 1953. Remarks on the Indo-Chinese turtle Annamemys merkleni; with special reference to the status of Cyclemys annamensis. Annals and Maq. of Nat. Hist. ser. 12,6:468-472.

Savage, J. M. 1953. Third record of the Ecuadorian caecilian Gymnopis albiceps with remarks on the status of the genus Dermophis. Transactions of the Kansas Academy Sciences 56(3):321-324.

Savage, J. M. & A. L. Carvalho. 1953. The family position of neotropical frogs currently referred to the genus Pseudis. Zoologica 38(4):193-200.

Cliff, F. S. & J. M. Savage. 1954. A new snake, Phyllorhynchus arenicola, from the Gulf of California. Proceedings of the Biological Society of Washington 67:69-76.

Savage, J. M. 1954. A revision of the toads of the Bufo debilis complex. Texas Journal of Science 6(1):83-112.  (Publication of Master Thesis)

Savage, J. M. 1954. Notulae Herpetologicae 1-7. Transactions of the Kansas Academy of Sciences 57(3):326-334.

Savage, J. M. 1955. Descriptions of new colubrid snakes, genus Atractus from Ecuador. Proceedings of the Biological Society of Washington 68:11-20.

Savage, J. M. & J. A. Oliver. 1956. Proposed addition to the official list of generic names in zoology of Ahaetulla Link 1807, with Ahaetulla mycterizans Link 1807, as type species (class Reptilia). Bulletin of Zoological Nomenclature 12(5):147-152.

Savage, J. M. 1957. (Book Review of) The osteology of the reptiles, by A. S. Romer. Copeia 1957(2):166-167.

Savage, J. M. 1957. Studies on the lizard family Xantusiidae III. A new genus for Xantusia riversiana Cope, 1883. Zoologica 42(3):83-86.

Savage, J. M. 1958. (Book Review of) Zoogeography: the geographical distribution of animals, by P. J. Darlington. Copeia 1958(2):153-155.

Savage, J. M. 1958. The concept of ecologic niche, with reference to the theory of natural coexistence. Evolution 12(1):111-112.

Savage, J. M. 1958. The iguanid genera Urosaurus and Uta, with remarks on related groups. Zoologica 43(2):41-54.

Peabody, F. E. & J. M. Savage. 1958. Evolution of a coast range corridor in California and its effect on the origin and dispersal of living amphibians and reptiles. Zoogeography, A. A. A. S. Symposium 8:159-186.

Savage, J. M. 1959. An illustrated key to the turtles, lizards and snakes of the western United States and Canada. Rev. Ed. Natur. Keys 2:1-36.

Savage, J. M. 1960. (Book Review of) Reptiles and amphibians of the San Francisco Bay Region, by R. C. Stebbins. Copeia 1960(l):78.

Savage, J. M. 1960. A revision of the Ecuadorian snakes of the colubrid genus Atractus. Miscellaneous Publications, Museum of Zoology, University of Michigan 112:1-86. PDF.

Savage, J. M. 1960. A preliminary biosystematic analysis of toads of the Bufo boreas group in Nevada and California. Year/Book. Amer. Philos. Soc. 251-254.

Dowling, H. G. & J. M. Savage. 1960. A guide to the snake hemipenis: a survey of basic structure and systematic characteristics. Zoologica 45(1):17-28.

Savage, J. M. 1960. Geographic variation in the tadpole of the toad, Bufo marinus. Copeia 1960(3):233-235.

Savage, J. M. 1960. Evolution of a peninsular herpetofauna. Part of a Symposium on the Biogeography of Baja California and adjacent seas. Systematic Zoology 9(3-4):24-48.

Savage, J. M. &F. W. Schuierer. 1961. The eggs of toads of the Bufo boreas group with descriptions of the eggs of Bufo exsul and Bufo nelsoni. Bulletin of the Southern California Academy of Sciences 60(2):93-99.

Savage, J. M. 1961. Anilius Oken, 1816 (Reptilia, Squamata): proposed validation under the plenary powers. Bulletin of Zoological Nomenclature 18(3):181-183.

Savage, J. M. & A. G. Kluge. 1961. Rediscovery of the strange Costa Rican toad, Crepidius epioticus Cope. Revista de Biología Tropical 9(1):39-51.

Jiménez, A. & J. M. Savage. 1963. A new blind snake (genus Typhlops) from Costa Rica. Revista de Biología Tropical 10(2):199-203.

Savage, J. M. 1963. Studies on the lizard family Xantusiidae IV. The genera. Contributions in Science, Los Angeles County Museum of Natural History 71:1-38.

Savage, J. M. 1964. Studies on the lizard family Xantusiidae V. The Cuban night lizard, Cricosaura typica Gundlach and Peters. Copeia 1964(3):536-542.

Savage, J. M. 1965. A new bromeliad frog of the genus Eleutherodactylus from Costa Rica. Bulletin of the Southern California Academy of Sciences 64(2):106-110.

Savage, J. M. & J. M. Cei. 1965. A review of the leptodactylid frog genus Odontophrynus. Herpetologica 21(3):178-195.

Savage, J. M. 1966. The origins and history of the Central American herpetofauna. Copeia 1966(4):719-766.

Savage, J. M. 1967. The systematic status of the toad, Bufo politus Cope, 1862. Copeia 1967(1):225-226.

Savage, J. M. 1967. A new tree frog (Centrolenidae) from Costa Rica. Copeia 1967(2):325-331.

Savage, J. M. 1967. An extraordinary new toad (Bufo) from Costa Rica. Revista de Biología Tropical 14(2):153-167. PDF.

Savage, J. M. & P. H. Starrett. 1967. A new fringe-limbed tree-frog (family Centrolenidae) from lower Central America . Copeia 1967(3):604-609.

Savage, J. M. & W. R. Heyer. 1967. Variation and distribution in the tree-frog genus Phyllomedusa in Costa Rica, Central America. Beitrage zur Neotropischen Fauna 5(2):111-131. PDF.

Savage, J. M. 1968. A new red-eyed tree-frog (family Hylidae) from Costa Rica, with a review of the Hyla uranochroa group. Bulletin of the Southern California Academy of Sciences 67(1):1-20.

Savage, J. M. 1968. The dendrobatid frogs of Central America. Copeia 1968(4):745-776.

Savage, J. M. 1968. The distribution and synonymy of the neotropical frog, Eleutherodactylus moro. Copeia 1968(4):878-879.

Savage, J. M. 1969. Clarifications of the status of Bufo veraguensis 0. Schmidt, 1857. Copeia 1969(1):178-179.

Savage, J. M. & W. R. Heyer. 1969. The tree-frogs (family Hylidae) of Costa Rica: diagnosis and distribution. Revista de Biología Tropical 16(1):1-127.

Savage, J. M. & S. B. Emerson. 1970. Central American frogs allied to Eleutherodactylus bransfordii (Cope): a problem of polymorphism. Copeia 1970(4):623-644.

Savage, J. M. 1970. On the trail of the golden frog: with Warszewicz and Gabb in Central America. Proceedings of the California Academy of Sciences 38(14):273-287.

Savage, J. M. 1971. (Book Review of) The hylid frogs of Middle America, by William E. Duellman. Herpetological Review 3(3):57-58.

Savage, J. M. 1972. (Book Review of) Evolutionary relationships, osteology and zoogeography of leptodactyloid frogs, by John D. Lynch. Copeia 1972(4):899-900.

Savage, J. M. 1972. The systematic status of Bufo simus 0. Schmidt with description of a new toad from western Panama. Journal of Herpetology 6(1):25-33.

Savage, J. M. 1972. The harlequin frogs, genus Atelopus, of Costa Rica and western Panama. Herpetologica 28(2):77-93.

Savage J. M. & M. H. Wake. 1972. Geographic variation and systematics of the Middle American caecilians, genera Dermophis and Gymnopis. Copeia 1972(4):680-695.

Savage, J. M. 1972. Herpetological collections made by Dr. John F. Bransford, Assistant Surgeon, U. S. N. during the Nicaragua and Panama Canal surveys (1872-1885). Journal of Herpetology 7(1):35-38.

Savage, J. M. 1973. (Book Review of) Evolution in the genus Bufo, by W. Frank Blair. Science 179:599.

Starrett, P. H. & J. M. Savage. 1973. The systematic status and distribution of Costa Rican glass frogs, genus Centrolenella (family Centrolenidae), with description of a new species. Bulletin of the Southern California Academy of Sciences 72(2):7-77.

Savage, J. M. 1973. A revised terminology for plates in the loreal region of snakes. British Journal of Herpetology 5(1):360-362.

Savage, J. M. 1974. (Book Review of) The dispersal centres of terrestrial vertebrates in the neotropical realm, by Paul Muller. Science 184:685-686.

Savage, J. M. 1974. The venomous coral snakes (genus Micrurus) of Costa Rica. Revista de Biología Tropical 21(2):295-349.

Savage, J. M. 1974. The isthmian link and the evolution of neotropical mammals. Contributions in Science, Los Angeles County Museum of Natural History 260:1-51.

Savage, J. M. 1974. On the leptodactylid frog called Eleutherodactylus palmatus (Boulenger) and the status of Hylodes fitzingeri 0. Schmidt. Herpetologica 30(3):289-299.

Savage, J. M. 1975. Type localities for species of amphibians and reptiles described from Costa Rica. Revista de Biología Tropical 22(1):71-122.

Savage, J. M. 1975. Systematics and distribution of the Mexican and Central American stream frogs related to Eleutherodactylus rugulosus. Copeia 1975(2):254-306.

Savage, J. M. 1976. Introduction. Simposio internacional sobre la ecología de la conservación y del desarrollo en el Istmo Centroamericano. Revista de Biología Tropical 24(1):1-4.

Savage, J. M. 1977. (Book Review of) Liste Der Rezenten Amphibien und Reptilien. Hylidae, Centrolenidae, Pseudidae, by William E. Duellman. Copeia 1977(4):799.

Savage, J. M. 1978. (Book Review of) An introduction to evolutionary theory. of Organismic Evolution by Verne Grant. Evolution 32(4):927-928.

Savage, J. M. & J. J. Talbot. 1978. The giant anoline lizards of Costa Rica and western Panama. Copeia 1978(3):480-492.

Savage, J. M. & J. E. Deweese. 1979. A new species of leptodactylid frog, genus Eleutherodactylus, from the Cordillera de Talamanca, Costa Rica. Bulletin of the Southern California Academy of Sciences 78(2):107-115.

Savage, J. M. 1980. A new frog of the genus Eleutherodactylus (Leptodactylidae) from the Monteverde Forest Preserve, Costa Rica. Bulletin of the Southern California Academy of Sciences 79(1):13-19.

Savage, J. M. & J. E. Deweese. 1981. The status of the Central American leptodactylid frogs Eleutherodactylus melanostictus (Cope) and Eleutherodactylus platyrhynchus (Gunther). Proceedings of the Biological Society of Washington 93(4):928-942.

Savage, J. M. 1981. The tadpole of the Costa Rican fringe-limbed tree-frog, Hyla fimbrimembra. Proceedings of the Biological Society of Washington 93(4):1177-1183.

Savage, J. M. 1981. Comment on the proposed rejection of Lacepede's "Histoire Naturelle Des Serpens." A. N. (S) 1985. Bulletin of Zoological Nomenclature 38(1):8-9.

Savage, J. M. 1981. A synopsis of the larvae of Costa Rican frogs and toads. Bulletin of the Southern California Academy of Sciences 79(2):45-54.

Savage, J. M. 1981. Eleutherodactylus bransfordii (Cope): An addition to the frog fauna of Honduras. Herpetological Review 12(1):14.

Savage, J. M. 1981. The systematic status of Central American frogs confused with Eleutherodactylus cruentus. Proceedings of the Biological Society of Washington 92(2):413-420.

Savage, J. M. 1981. A new species of the secretive colubrid snake genus Geophis from Costa Rica. Copeia 1981(3):549-553.

Savage, J. M. 1983. The enigma of the Central American herpetofauna: dispersals or vicariance? Annals of the Missouri Botanical Garden 69:464-547.

Savage, J. M. 1983. Further comments on the proposed designation of a type species for Anolis Daudin, 1802. Z. N. (S. ) 1603. Bulletin of Zoological Nomenclature 40(4):195-196.

Ford, L. & J. M. Savage. 1984. A new frog of the genus Eleutherodactylus (Leptodactylidae) from Guatemala. Occasional papers of the Museum of Natural History, the University of Kansas 110:1-9.

McDiarmid, R. W. & J. M. Savage. 1984. Taxonomic status of the frog genus Centrolenella Noble (Anura: Centrolenidae). Journal of Herpetology 18(2):213-214.

Savage, J. M. 1985. A new species of montane rain frog, genus Eleutherodactylus (Leptodactylidae), from Guerrero, Mexico. Amphibia-Reptilia 5(3-4):253-260.

Savage, J. M. 1985. Testing biogeographic hypotheses for the distributions of African amphibians. South African Journal of Science 81(4):209.

Savage, J. M. 1986. (Book Review of) La nomenclature supragenerique des amphibians anoures, by Alain Dubois. Copeia 1986(1):259-262.

Savage, J. M. 1986. Nomenclatural notes on the Anura (Amphibia). Proceedings of the Biological Society of Washington 99(1):42-45.

Savage, J. M. 1987. (Book Review of) Change in the Amazon Basin. Volume 1: Man's impact on forests and rivers by John Hemming, (ed. ). South Eastern Latin Americanist 86/87:79-80.

Guyer, C. & J. M. Savage. 1987. Cladistic relationships among anoles (Sauria: Iguanidae). Systematic Zoology 35(4):509-531.

Savage, J. M. 1987. Systematics and distribution of the Mexican and Central American rainfrogs of the Eleutherodactylus gollmeri group (Amphibia: Leptodactylidae). Fieldiana Zoology, new series 33:1-57. PDF.

Savage, J. M. & N. J. Scott Jr. 1987. The Imantodes (Serpentes: Colubridae) of Costa Rica: two or three species? Revista de Biología Tropical 33(2):107-132.

Frost, D. R. & J. M. Savage. 1987. Gender of Hemisus and correct formation of the family group name. Journal of the Herpetological Association of Africa 3+K93:24. K198+K208

Savage, J. M. 1987. Zoogeography. McGraw-Hill Encyclopedia of Science and Technology 19:634-640.

Savage, J. M. 1988. (Book Review of) Biologia Centrali-Americana. Reptilia and Batrachia, by Albert Carl Ludwig Gotthilf Gunther. Herpetological Review 19(2):42-43.

Savage, J. M. , J. R. McCranie & L. D. Wilson. 1988. New upland stream frogs of the Eleutherodactylus rugulosus Group (Amphibia: Anura: Leptodactylidae) from Honduras. Bulletin of the Southern California Academy of Sciences 87(2):50-56.

Savage, J. M. & M. A. Donnelly. 1988. Variation and systematics in the colubrid snakes of the genus Hydromorphus. Amphibia-Reptilia 9(3):289-300.

Savage, J. M. & B. I. Crother. 1989. The Status of Pliocercus and Urotheca (Serpentes: Colubridae), with a review of included species of coral snake mimics. Zoological Journal of the Linnean Society of London 95(4):335-362.

Savage, J. M. & C. Guyer. 1989. Infrageneric classification and species composition of the anole genera Anolis, Ctenonotus, Dactyloa, Norops and Semiurus (Sauria: Iguanidae). Amphibia-Reptilia 10(2):105-116.

McCranie, J. F. , J. M. Savage & L. D. Wilson. 1989. Description of two new species of the Eleutherodactylus milesi group (Amphibia: Anura: Leptodactylidae). Proceedings of the Biological Society of Washington 102(2):483-490.

Savage, J. M. & P. N. Lahanas. 1989. A new species of colubrid snake (genus Urotheca) form the Cordillera de Talamanca of Costa Rica. Copeia 1989(4):892-896.

Savage, J. M. & C. Guyer. 1989. Infrageneric reallocation of Anolis apollinaris. Amphibia-Reptilia 10(4):456.

Savage, J. M. 1990. (Book Review of) Proceedings of a Workshop on Neotropical Distribution Patterns by P. E. Vanzolini and W. R. Heyer, eds. 1988. Herpetological Review 21(1):27-28.

Savage, J. M. 1990. (Book Review of) The Venomous Reptiles of Latin America by J. A. Campbell and W. W. Lamar Rec. Publ. Nat. Hist. Amer. Mus. Nat. Hist. 8(l):5-6 (Book Review). . Rec. Publ. Nat. Hist. Amer. Mus. Nat. Hist. 8(1):5-6.

Savage, J. M. & J. B. Slowinski. 1990. A simple consistent terminology for the basic colour patterns of the venomous coral snakes and their mimics. Herpetological Journal 1(11):520-532.

Savage, J. M. 1990. Meetings of the International Commission on Zoological Nomenclature. Herpetological Review 21(3):55-57.

Savage, J. M. 1990. Meetings of the International Commission on Zoological Nomenclature. Systematic Zoology 39(4):424-425.

Savage, J. M. 1991. (Book Review of) Biogeography of the West Indies by C. A. Woods, ed. . Systematic Zoology 40(1):110-111.

Savage, J. M. & P. N. Lahanas. 1991. On the species of the colubrid snake genus Ninia in Costa Rica and western Panama. Herpetologica 47(1):37-53.

Savage, J. M. 1991. Meetings of the International Commission on Zoological Nomenclature. Amphibia-Reptilia 12(1):116-120.

Savage, J. M. & C. Guyer. 1991. Nomenclatural notes on anoles (Sauria: Polychridae): stability over priority. Journal of Herpetology 25(3):365-366.

Savage, J. M. , J. A. Masis & D. B. McKey. 1992. Introduction to special issue: OTS Silver Anniversary Symposium: Resource Availability and Tropical Ecosystems. Biotropica 24(2b):225.

Savage, J. M. & M. A. Donnelly. 1992. The second collection of and variation in the rare Neotropical toad, Bufo peripatetes. Journal of Herpetology 26(1):72-74.

Savage, J. M. & J. B. Slowinski. 1992. The colouration of the venomous coral snakes and their mimics. Biological Journal of the Linnean Society 45(3):235-254.

Savage, J. M. & R. W. McDiarmid. 1992. Rediscovery of the Central American colubrid snake, Sibon argus, with comments on related species from the region. Copeia 1992(2):421-432.

Guyer, C. & J. M. Savage. 1992. Anole systematics revisited. Systematic Biology 41(1):89-100.

Lahanas, P. N. & J. M. Savage. 1992. A new species of caecilian from the Peninsula de Osa, Costa Rica. Copeia 1992(3):703-708.

Savage, J. M. 1993. (Book Review of) Herpetofauna Mexicana by Oscar Flores-Villela. ASC Newsletter 21(3):38.

Savage, J. M. 1993. (Book Review of) Biology of Pitvipers by J. A. Campbell and E. D. Brodie, Jr., eds. Systematic Biology 42(4):596-598.

Lips, K. R. & J. M. Savage. 1994. A new fossorial snake of the genus Geophis (Reptilla: Serpentes: Colubridae) from the Cordillera de Talamanca of Costa Rica. Proceedings of the Biological Society of Washington 107(2):410-416.

Savage, J. M. & K. R. Lips. 1994. A review of the status and biogeography of the lizard genera Celestus and Diploglossus (family Anguidae), with description of two new species from Costa Rica. Revista de Biología Tropical 41(3):817-842.

Campbell, J. A. , J. M. Savage & J. R. Meyer. 1994. A new species of Eleutherodactylus (Anura: Leptodactylidae) of the rugulosus group from Guatemala and Belize. Herpetologica 50(4):412-419.

Slowinski, J. B. & J. M. Savage. 1995. Urotomy in Scaphiodontophis: evidence for the multiple tail break hypothesis in snakes. Herpetologica 51(3):338-341.

Savage, J. M. 1995. Systematics and the biodiversity crisis. Bioscience 45(10):673-679.

Frost, D. R. & J. M. Savage. 1995. Comments on the proposed conservation of the family group name Phrynobatrachinae Laurent, 1941 (Amphibia, Anura). Bulletin of Zoological Nomenclature 52(3):270-271.

Johnson, J. D. & J. M. Savage. 1995. A new species of the Eleutherodactylus rugulosus group (Leptodactylidae) from Chiapas, Mexico. Journal of Herpetology 29(4):501-506.

Savage, J. M. & J. B. Slowinski. 1996. Evolution of coloration, urotomy and coral snake mimicry in the snake genus Scaphiodontophis. Biological Journal of the Linnean Society 57(2):129-194.

Savage, J. M. , J. R. McCranie & M. Espinal. 1996. A new species of Eleutherodactylus related to Eleutherodactylus bransfordii (Anura: Leptodactylidae) from Honduras. Proceedings of the Biological Society of Washington 109(2):366-373.

Lips, K. R. & J. M. Savage. 1996. Key to known tadpoles (Amphibia: Anura) of Costa Rica. Studies on Neotropical Fauna and Environment 31:17-26.

McDiarmid, R. W. , T. Toure & J. M. Savage. 1996. The proper name of the neotropical tree boa often referred to as Corallus enydris (Serpentes: Boidae). Journal of Herpetology 30(3):320-326.

Savage, J. M. 1996. A new species of Eleutherodactylus from montane Costa Rica. Proceedings of the Biological Society of Washington 109(4):744-748.

Savage, J. M. 1997. On the terminology of the description of the hemipenes of squamate reptiles. Herpetological Journal 7(1):23-25.

Savage, J. M. 1997. A new species of rainfrog of the Eleutherodactylus diastema group from the Alta Talamanca region of Costa Rica. Amphibia-Reptilia 18(3):241-247.

Savage, J. M. & W. R. Heyer. 1997. Digital webbing formulae for Anurans: a refinement. Herpetological Review 28(3):131.

Pounds, J. A. , M. P. L. Fogden, J. M. Savage & G. Gorman. 1997. Tests of null models for amphibian declines on a tropical mountain. Conservation Biology 11(6):1307-1322.

Savage, J. M. 1998. (Book Review of) Herpetology by F. H. Pough, R. M. Andrews, J. E. Cadle, M. L. Crump, A. H. Savitsky and K. P. Wells. American Zoologist 38(3):589.

Savage, J. M. & C. Guyer. 1999. A new species of anole lizard, genus Norops (Squamata: Polychrotidae), from the Cordillera de Talamanca, Costa Rica. Revista de Biología Tropical 46(3):805-809. PDF.

Savage, J. M. , J. R. McCranie & L. D. Wilson. 1999. A new species of rainfrog of the Eleutherodactylus cruentus group from eastern Honduras (Amphibia: Anura: Leptodactlyidae). Proceedings of the Biological Society of Washington 112(4):787-792.

Campbell, J. A. & J. M. Savage. 2000. Taxonomic reconsideration of Middle America frogs of the Eleutherodactylus rugulosus group (Anura: Leptodactylidae): a reconnaissance of subtle nuances in frogs. Herpetological Monographs 14:186-292.

Savage, J. M. & M. H. Wake 2001. Reevaluation of the status of taxa of Central American caecilians (Amphibia: Gymnophiona), with comments on their origin and evolution. Copeia 2001(1):52-64.

Savage, J. M. 2001. Remembrances and reflections: early days of the Society of Systematic Zoology. Systematic Biology 50(1):4-6. PDF.

Savage, J. M. 2001. On the proposed conservation of the name Crotophytus vestigium Tanner and Smith, 1972 (Reptilia, Squamata). Bulletin of Zoological Nomenclature 58(1):59.

Savage, J. M. 200o. A new species of rainfrog of the Eleutherodactylus milesi group (Amphibia: Anura: Leptodactylidae) from Guatemala. Revista de Biología Tropical 48(4):993-999. PDF.

Brame, A. H. Jr. , J. M. Savage, D. B. Wake & J. Hanken. 2001. New species of large black salamander, genus Bolitoglossa (Plethodontidae) from western Panama. Copeia 2001(3):700-704.

Savage, J. M. 2001. Comment on the proposed precedence of the specific name of Euphryne obesus Baird, 1858 over that of Sauromalus ater Duméril and Bibron, 1856 (Reptilia, Squamata). Bulletin of Zoological Nomenclature 58(4):307-308.

Savage, J. M. 2002. (Book Review of) The hylid frogs of Middle America by William E. Duellman. Copeia 2002(2):545-552.

Savage, J. M. & C. W. Myers. 2002. Frogs of the Eleutherodactylus biporcatus group (Leptodactylidae) of Central America and northern South America, including rediscovered, resurrected, and new taxa. American Museum of Natural History Novitates 3357:1-48. PDF.

Etheridge, R. & J. M. Savage. 2003. Phymaturus Gravenhorst, 1837 and Lacerta palluma Molina, 1782 (currently Phymaturus palluma; Reptilia, Sauria): proposed conservation of usage of the names by designation of a neotype for Lacerta palluma Molina, 1782. Bulletin of Zoological Nomenclature 60(1):38-41.

Savage, J. M. 2003. Lacepede, B. G. E. de la V. , 1788, Histoire Naturelle des Quadrupedes Ovipares: proposed rejection as a non-binominal work. Bulletin of Zoological Nomenclature 60(2):138-140.

Savage, J. M. 2004. (Book Review of) Of golden toads and serpent’s roads by P. Freed. Quarterly Review of Biology 79(2):209-210.

Guyer, C. & J. M. Savage. 2004. Application of anole lizard generic names proposed by Wagler, 1830 and Fitzinger, 1843. Amphibia-Reptilia 25(3):303-305.

Savage, J. M. , B. D. Hollingsworth, K. R. Lips & A. P. Jaslow. 2004. A new species of rainfrog (genus Eleutherodactylus) from the Serrania de Tabasara, west-central Panama and a reanalysis of the fitzingeri species group. Herpetologica 60(4):519-529.

Hanken, J. , D. B. Wake & J. M. Savage. 2005. A solution to the large black salamander problem (genus Bolitoglossa) in Costa Rica and Panama. Copeia 2005(2):227-245.

Savage, J. M. , J. A. Campbell & W. W. Lamar. 2005. On names for neotropical rattlesnakes (Reptilia: Serpentes: Viperidae: Crotalus). Herpetological Review 36(4):369-371.

Grant, T., D. R. Frost, R. Ibáñez, C. W. Myers & J. M. Savage. 2006. Hyloxalus panamensis Dunn, 1933: proposed emmendation of spelling from Hyloxalus panamansis (currently Colostethus panamansis); Amphibia, Anura). Bulletin of Zoological Nomenclature 63(1):39-41.

Savage. J. M. & C. W. Myers. 2006. Calamaria H. Boie in F. Boie, 1827 (Reptilia, Serpentes): proposed conservation of usage by designation of C. linnaei H. Boie in F. Boie, 1827 as the type species. Bulletin of Zoological Nomenclature 63(4):267-271.

Etheridge, R. & J. M. Savage. 2006. Stability restored to the name Phymaturus palluma: a response to Cei and Scolaro (2006). Herpetological Review 37(4):306-407.

Hoogmoed, M. S. & J. M. Savage. 2007. Atractus Wagler, 1828 and Atractus trilineatus Wagler, 1827 (Reptilia, Serpentes): proposed conservation. Bulletin of Zoological Nomenclature 64(1):68.

Savage, J. M. 2007. Comment on the proposed conservation of usage of Rana ocellata Linnaeus, 1758 (Amphibia, Anura). Bulletin of Zoological Nomenclature 64(1):68.

Savage, J. M. 2007. Comment on the proposed precedence of Chelodina rugosa Ogilby, 1890 (currently Macrochelodina rugosa; Reptilia, Testudines) over Chelodina oblonga Gray, 1841 (Case 3351; see BZN 63: 187-193). Bulletin of Zoological Nomenclature 64(1):68.

Whitfield, S. M. , K. E. Bell, T. Philippi, M. Sasa, F. Bolaños, G. Chaves, J. M. Savage & M. A. Donnelly. 2007. Amphibian and reptile declines over 35 years at La Selva, Costa Rica. Proceedings of the National Academy os Sciences of the United States of America 104:8852-8356. PDF.

Wake, D. B. , J. M. Savage & J. Hanken. 2007. Montane salamanders from the Costa Rica-Panama border region, with description of two new species of Bolitoglossa. Copeia 2007(3):556-565.

Savage, J. M. , C. W. Myers, D. R. Frost & T. Grant. 2007. Dendrobatidae Cope, 1865 (1850) (Amphibia, Anura): proposed conservation. Bulletin of Zoological Nomenclature 64(4):255-260.

Means, D. B. & J. M. Savage. 2007. Three new malodorous rainfrogs of the genus Pristimantis (Anura: Bracycephalidae) from the Wokomung Massif in west-central Guyana, South America. Zootaxa 1658:39-55.

Savage, J. M. & J. I. Watling. 2008. Not so rare snakes; a revision of the Geophis sieboldi group (Colubridae: Dipsadinae) in lower Central America and Colombia. Zoological Journal of the Linnean Society of London 153:561-599.

Savage, J. M. , K. R. Lips & R. Ibáñez D. 2008. A new species of Celestus from west-central Panama, with consideration of the status of the genera of the Anguidae: Diploglossinae (Squamata). Revista de Biología Tropical 56(2):845-859. PDF.

Mendelson, J. R. III, J. M. Savage, E. Griffith, H. Ross, B. Kubicki & R. Gagliardo. 2008. Spectacular new gliding species of Ecnomiohyla (Anura: Hylidae) from Central Panama. Journal of Herpetology 42(4):750-759.

Savage, J. M. & F. Bolaños. 2009. A checklist of the amphibians and reptiles of Costa Rica: Additions and nomenclatural revisions. Zootaxa 2005:1-23. Zootaxa 2005:1-23.

Savage, J. M. & F. Bolaños. 2009. An enigmatic frog of the genus Atelopus (Family Bufonidae) from Parque Nacional Chirripó, Cordillera de Talamanca, Costa Rica. Revista de Biología Tropical 57(1-2):381-386. PDF.

 

On-Line Publications

Bolaños, F., J. M. Savage & G. Chaves. 2010. Anfibios y Reptiles de Costa Rica. Listas Zoológicas Actualizadas UCR: http://museo.biologia.ucr.ac.cr/Listas/LZAPublicaciones.htm. Museo de Zoología UCR. San Pedro, Costa Rica. Última actualización el 18 de agosto del 2010. Publicación original en el 2009. PDF: Spanish, English.

 

Popular Publications

Savage, J. M. 1983. The way of the turtle. University of Miami: 1-6.

Savage, J. M. 1985. The wonders of life in paradise. Florida: Paradise regained it can be done. Florida Defenders of the Environment: 5.

Savage, J. M. 1997. Remembering Charter Board Member, Dr. Henry W. Leigh (1912-1997). Liana 16.

Savage, J. M. 1998. The “brilliant toad” was telling us something. (Opinion Piece). Christian Science Monitor, September 14, 1998. PDF.